Lung Disease & Breathing Disorders

Your lungs supply air to your body and expel gasses out of your body. They’re part of your respiratory system, a group of tissues and organs that work together to help you breathe. Unfortunately, lung diseases can harm your respiratory system. Early detection of pulmonary disorders is the best way to manage acute and chronic lung conditions. breathe and enjoy the activities you love. Dennis Keller, MD, and Madhu Gundavaram, MD, at Northwest Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine in Algonquin, Illinois, specialize in treating the full spectrum of breathing disorders. They diagnose your condition based on a thorough evaluation of your symptoms, such as shortness of breath, chronic cough, and chest pain. Whether you have asthma, COPD, or another condition, our providers can help.

Get the care you need today. Call or book a consultation online.

What are lung diseases & Breathing Disorders?

Your lungs supply air to your body and expel gasses out of your body. They’re part of your respiratory system, a group of tissues and organs that work together to help you breathe. Unfortunately, lung diseases can harm your respiratory system.

There are many types of lung diseases, including:

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Asbestosis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Flu
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Lung cancer
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pertussis
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Silicosis
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Tuberculosis

Some of the most common lung diseases are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and pneumonia.

Asthma

Asthma is a lung disease that causes narrowing of your breathing tubes. Although there’s no cure for asthma, it can be treated with lifestyle changes and medication. Treatment may include short-term and longer-term medications tailored to the cause of your asthma, its severity, and your lung functioning. You’ll learn how to use a peak flow meter at home to prevent you from being surprised by an asthma flare-up.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

A lung disease causing swelling in the airways, COPD causes coughing, shortness of breath, and wheezing. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are common forms of COPD. Treatment may include medications to make it easier to breathe, a respiratory therapy program, or help of a breathing tube or breathing devices. If your condition is serious, you may benefit from surgery.

Emphysema

Emphysema is a lung disease that impairs the transfer of oxygen from your lungs to your blood, leading to less and less oxygen in your blood over time. Treatment typically includes oxygen or medications, in severe cases, be a candidate for lung reduction surgery. If you’re still smoking, treatment may include medications or counseling to help you quit.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungi. The most common symptoms are shortness of breath, shallow or fast breathing, and chest pain.

How are lung diseases & Breathing Disorders diagnosed?

The team at Northwest Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine recommends the right lung test based on your symptoms and what they suspect might be causing your lung disease.

Diagnostic tests include:

  • Pulmonary function tests, such as spirometry and peak flow
  • Cardiopulmonary stress testing
  • Chest X-ray
  • Six-minute walk test
  • Bronchoscopy, a lung exam through a scope
  • Thoracentesis (lung fluid drainage)
  • Metabolic cart, to measure oxygen use and energy expenditure

These tests help your practitioner to evaluate how well your lungs and airways are working.

How are lung diseases & Breathing Disorders treated?

The team at Northwest Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine creates a treatment plan for your specific condition, which may include medications or outpatient treatment. If you need to be admitted to the hospital, the providers at Northwest Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine will be with you every step of the way, from intensive care unit management to discharge.

For the expert care, you need for lung disease, call Northwest Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine today or schedule a consultation online.